Every day Americans experience
the horror of fire. But most people don't understand fire. Only
when we know the true nature of fire can we prepare ourselves and
our families. Each year more than 4,000 Americans die approximately
25,000 are injured in fires, many of which could be prevented.
The United States Fire Administration
(USFA), a division of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA),
believes that fire deaths can be reduced by teaching people the
basic facts about fire. Below are some simple facts that explain
the particular characteristics of fire.
- Fire is FAST!
There is little time!
In less than 30 seconds
a small flame can get completely out of control and turn into
a major fire. It only takes minutes for thick black smoke to
fill a house. In minutes, a house can be engulfed in flames.
Most fires occur in the home when people are asleep. If you
wake up to a fire, you won't have time to grab valuables because
fire spreads too quickly and the smoke is too thick. There is
only time to escape.
Fire is HOT!
Heat is more threatening than flames.
A fire's heat alone can
kill. Room temperatures in a fire can be 100 degrees at floor
level and rise to 600 degrees at eye level. Inhaling this super
hot air will scorch your lungs. This heat can melt clothes to
your skin. In five minutes a room can get so hot that everything
in it ignites at once: this is called flashover.
Fire is DARK!
Fire isn't bright, it's pitch black.
Fire starts bright, but
quickly produces black smoke and complete darkness. If you wake
up to a fire you may be blinded, disoriented and unable to find
your way around the home you've lived in for years.
Fire is DEADLY!
Smoke and toxic gases kill more people than flames do.
Fire uses up the oxygen
you need and produces smoke and poisonous gases that kill. Breathing
even small amounts of smoke and toxic gases can make you drowsy,
disoriented and short of breath. The odorless, colorless fumes
can lull you into a deep sleep before the flames reach your
door. You may not wake up in time to escape.
Fire Safety Tips
In the event of a fire, remember
time is the biggest enemy and every second counts!
Escape first, then call for
help. Develop a home fire escape plan and designate a meeting place
outside. Make sure everyone in the family knows two ways to escape
from every room. Practice feeling your way out with your eyes closed.
Never stand up in a fire, always crawl low under the smoke and try
to keep your mouth covered. Never return to a burning building for
any reason; it may cost you your life.
Finally, having a working
smoke alarm dramatically increases your chances of surviving a fire.
And remember to practice a home escape plan frequently with your